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Optical methods of flux manipulation in superconductors. – (Alexandre Bouzdine / Seminar / LPT). – 16/05/2023, 14H

16 May 2023; 14h00 - 15h30

Alexandre Bouzdine (LOMA, Bordeaux)

Seminar LPT, 16 mai 2023, 14H, the new conference room, building 3R4

Résumé :

Although the average properties of the vortex matter in superconductors can be tuned with magnetic fields, temperature, or electric currents, handling individual Abrikosov vortices remains challenging and has been demonstrated only with sophisticated scanning local probe microscopies. Recently we have proposed a far-field optical method based on local heating of the superconductor with a focused laser beam to realize a fast and precise manipulation of individual vortices, in the same way as with optical tweezers [1]. This opens a way to create laser-driven Josephson junctions controlled by the optically driven Abrikosov vortex [2].

A significant challenge is the on-demand optical generation of single flux quanta. We discuss a far-field optical method to generate permanent single vortices at any desired position in a superconductor. It is based on the fast quench following the absorption of a tightly focused laser pulse (so-called Kibble-Zurek effect) that locally heats the superconductor above its critical temperature. We achieve ex-nihilo creation of a single vortex pinned at the center of the hotspot, while its counterpart opposite flux is trapped tens of micrometers away at its boundaries [3].

Another method for the single flux quanta manipulation may be related to the so-called inverse Faraday effect – circularly polarized radiation interacting with a superconducting condensate acts as an effective magnetic field that can generate supercurrents and DC magnetic moments [4]. Using the time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau equation formalism, the current-carrying states of a small superconducting ring illuminated by such radiation are analyzed [5]. Numerical simulations demonstrate the possibility to on-demand switch between current-carrying states in the superconductor by controlling the helicity of the electromagnetic field polarization [6]. This result opens the way to the all-optical operation of superconducting devices.

[1] I. S. Veshchunov, W. Magrini, S.V. Mironov, A.G. Godin, et al., Nature Communications 7, 1-7 (2016).

[2] S. Mironov, E. Goldobin, D. Koelle, R., Kleiner, et al, Physical Review B 96, 214515 (2017).

[3] A. Rochet, V. Vadimov, W. Magrini, S. Thakur, et al., Nano Letters 20, 6488-6493 (2020).

[4] S.V. Mironov, A.S. Mel’nikov, I.D. Tokman, V. Vadimov, et al., Physical Review Letters 126, 137002 (2021).

[5] M.D. Croitoru, B. Lounis, A.I. Buzdin, Physical Review B 105, L020504 (2022).

[6] M.D. Croitoru, S.V. Mironov, B. Lounis, A.I. Buzdin, Advanced Quantum Technologies, 2200054 (2022).



16 May 2023
14h00 - 15h30
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Salle de conférence, Bâtiment 3R4


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