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Suppression of Heating due to Emergence of Local Conservation Laws in Clean Interacting Floquet Quantum Matter (Asmi Haldar / Seminar / LPT). – 24/01/2023
24 January 2023; 14h00 - 15h30
Asmi Haldar (MPIPKS, Dresden)
Seminar LPT, Tuesday January 24, 2023 – 14:00 – Seminar room, 3R1 – 3rd floor
Abstract: We consider a clean quantum system subject to strong periodic driving. The existence of a dominant energy scale, hxD, can generate considerable structure in an effective description of a system that, in the absence of the drive, is nonintegrable and interacting, and does not host localization. In particular, we uncover a threshold of drive strength beyond which the system transits sharply from a quantum chaotic to a dynamically frozen regime. We identify special points of freezing in the space of drive parameters (frequency and amplitude). At those points, the dynamics is severely constrained due to the emergence of an almost exact, local conserved quantity, which scars the entire Floquet spectrum by preventing the system from heating up ergodically, starting from any generic state, even though it delocalizes over an appropriate subspace. At large drive frequencies, where a naïve Magnus expansion would predict a vanishing effective (average) drive, we devise instead a strong-drive Magnus expansion in a moving frame. There, the emergent conservation law is reflected in the appearance of the “integrability” of an effective Hamiltonian. These results hold for a wide variety of Hamiltonians, including the Ising model in a transverse field in any dimension and for any form of Ising interaction. The phenomenon is also shown to be robust in the presence of two-body Heisenberg interactions with any arbitrary choice of couplings. Furthermore, we construct a real-time perturbation theory that captures resonance phenomena where the conservation breaks down, giving way to unbounded heating. This approach opens a window on the low-frequency regime where the Magnus expansion fails. Finally, using iTEBD we demonstrate the persistence of the threshold, and the conservation law beyond it in infinite systems.